High-entropy alloy superconductors on an α-Mn lattice†
Previously unreported High-Entropy Alloys (HEAs) in the pentanary (ZrNb)1−x[MoReRu]x, (HfTaWIr)1−x[Re]x, and (HfTaWPt)1−x[Re]x systems are described and characterized. The materials have body-centered cubic α-Mn-type structures and mixed site occupancies; a small stoichiometry range is observed for all, and the mixed 4d–5d system has less Re than is typically encountered for Re-containing materials with this structure type. The latter two systems are the first reported 5d-element-only superconducting HEAs. All are type-II bulk superconductors with strongly varying critical temperatures (Tcs) depending on the cubic lattice parameter a and the valence electron count (VEC); the Tcs increase linearly with decreasing a and increasing VEC within each series and fall between the trend lines found for crystalline and amorphous transition metal alloy superconductors.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2018 Journal of Materials Chemistry C HOT Papers