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Issue 35, 2018
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Aligned fluorinated single-walled carbon nanotubes as a transmission channel towards attenuation of broadband electromagnetic waves

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Abstract

Ideal microwave absorbing materials need high impedance matching and high attenuation capacity. Towards this goal, in this paper, we present a novel lightweight and broadband electromagnetic wave absorber prepared through facile hybridization of fluorinated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and pristine SWCNTs. Fluorinated SWCNTs are conveniently oriented under the action of stress due to the strong electrostatic interaction. Thus, the fluorinated SWCNT arrays with low permittivity and high impedance matching can function as a transmission channel to allow the directional propagation of electromagnetic waves. The pristine SWCNT network can guarantee high attenuation capacity for electromagnetic waves. Benefiting from the combination of high impedance matching and high attenuation ability, the hybrids exhibit enhanced microwave absorption performance with a minimal reflection loss of −65.6 dB with only 4.8 wt% loading. The hierarchical structures also endow the hybrid with multiple reflection loss peaks and thus a wide efficient absorption region (5.1 GHz, RL < −10 dB) at a thickness of only 1.45 mm. Besides, the hybrids display favorable low-frequency microwave absorption properties. We believe that the idea of constructing loss area and wave-transparent area can provide a guide to the design of other lightweight and broadband microwave absorbers.

Graphical abstract: Aligned fluorinated single-walled carbon nanotubes as a transmission channel towards attenuation of broadband electromagnetic waves

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 May 2018, accepted on 08 Aug 2018 and first published on 08 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC02522C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 9399-9409
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    Aligned fluorinated single-walled carbon nanotubes as a transmission channel towards attenuation of broadband electromagnetic waves

    Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, B. Huang, X. Wang, Y. Li, W. Lai and X. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 9399
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC02522C

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