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Issue 35, 2018
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Laser-induced orientation transformation of a conjugated polymer thin film with enhanced vertical charge transport

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Abstract

The development of new techniques that can be used to modify the molecular orientations and structures of organic compounds in organic thin films is in urgent demand to overcome the low levels of charge transport in such films and to ultimately achieve high-efficiency organic opto-electronics. Here, we report structural transformation and electrical characterization of a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) semiconductor thin film under femtosecond laser irradiation at a level below the ablation threshold. A combination of grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure analyses reveal that the laser procedure effectively switches the P3HT orientation from edge-on to face-on, and the stability of this face-on orientation was also confirmed. Various laser fluence levels ranging up to the ablation threshold were tested, and the P3HT film with a transformed face-on orientation resulting from the optimized fluence level showed a charge current in the vertical direction three times greater than did the pristine film. This enhancement in the charge current was attributed to the vertical π–π stacking of the face-on orientation. These results also confirmed the effectiveness of our novel method for modifying organic thin films, and we expect this method to be attractive for the development of organic electronics and hybrid device applications.

Graphical abstract: Laser-induced orientation transformation of a conjugated polymer thin film with enhanced vertical charge transport

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2018, accepted on 02 Jul 2018 and first published on 04 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC02393J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 9374-9382
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    Laser-induced orientation transformation of a conjugated polymer thin film with enhanced vertical charge transport

    S. Chae, A. Yi, H. H. Lee, J. Choi and H. J. Kim, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 9374
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC02393J

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