Highly-stable, green-solvent-processable organic thin-film transistors: angular- vs. linear-shaped carbazoledioxazine derivatives†
The design and synthesis of new dye/pigment-based semiconductors have made a significant contribution to the development of organic electronics. However, there are few detailed studies on the comparison of isomeric dye/pigment molecules, which play an important role in revealing the molecular structure–property–device performance relationships. In this study, we, for the first time, compared the thermal stability, optical, electrochemical, molecular assembling and charge transport properties of isomeric angular and linear-shaped carbazoledioxazine derivatives, namely Ang-CZ and Lin-CZ, respectively. While the molecular shapes hardly affect the optical bandgaps and energy levels, they dramatically alter the charge transport characteristics. Accordingly, Lin-CZ exhibited a two orders of magnitude higher mobility than Ang-CZ, evaluated by thin-film transistors (TFTs). Further studies suggested that Lin-CZ tends to adopt a denser molecular packing motif and a higher molecular orbital overlapping than Ang-CZ which is revealed by grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and density functional theory calculations (DFT). More importantly, Lin-CZ-T, a π-extended derivative of Lin-CZ, showed a relatively high and stable TFT mobility of over 0.1 cm2 V−1 s−1, which was revealed by using an environmentally-benign solvent and a pre-aggregation method. Our findings will provide direction for developing more promising molecular semiconductors and organic TFT technology.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2018 Journal of Materials Chemistry C HOT Papers