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Issue 30, 2018
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Ligand-free synthesis of gold nanoparticles incorporated within cylindrical block copolymer films

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Abstract

We report a method to incorporate non-functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in oriented cylindrical phases of poly(styrene)-b-poly(vinylpyridine) (PS-b-PVP) block copolymers, perpendicular or parallel to a substrate. The combination of AFM, TEM, GISAXS and spectroscopy allows complete characterization of the nanocomposites. AuNPs are produced by the ultra-sound reduction of a gold salt in the copolymer solution, prior to the deposition of the films by spin-coating. The AuNPs are found to be located within the PVP cylinders exclusively. Sizes from 2 to 4 nm are tuned as a function of the initial gold salt concentration. The seeded-growth of these pre-formed AuNPs was also achieved by a further ultra-sound treatment to produce larger AuNPs (up to d = 10 nm) with plasmon resonance properties. For parallel cylinders, the presence of AuNPs in the PVP domains disturbs the organization, while for perpendicular cylinders, the PVP domains are swollen without any change in their orientation. The synthesis of AuNPs inside the copolymer was also performed by radiolysis, through irradiation of the copolymer solution or the copolymer film, both containing the gold salt. In these cases, the presence of plasmonic AuNPs was also evidenced. Offering a control of the AuNP size (<2 nm to 10 nm) and location, the presented method is a promising way to insert plasmonic AuNPs into oriented cylinders for achieving anisotropic geometries of valuable interest for optics.

Graphical abstract: Ligand-free synthesis of gold nanoparticles incorporated within cylindrical block copolymer films

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Mar 2018, accepted on 07 Jul 2018 and first published on 10 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01477A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 8194-8204
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    Ligand-free synthesis of gold nanoparticles incorporated within cylindrical block copolymer films

    F. Aubrit, F. Testard, A. Paquirissamy, F. Gobeaux, X. Wang, F. Nallet, P. Fontaine, V. Ponsinet and P. Guenoun, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 8194
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC01477A

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