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Issue 5, 2018
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Phase equilibria in metastable regime in the (C8H12NO)2[ZnCl4] ferroelectric system

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(C8H12NO)2[ZnCl4] is an interesting ferroelectric organic–inorganic hybrid compound that shows a complex structural phase diagram, investigated in this work by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry, characterized by an irreversible transition occurring on heating at 390 K, and coupled with successive transformations taking place on cooling in a metastable regime. The basic structural transition, leading from a monoclinic P21 to an orthorhombic P212121 symmetry and involving the doubling of the unit cell volume, is associated with an order–disorder transformation of the 4-methoxybenzylammonium cations coupled with a reorientation of tetrachloridozincate anions. During cooling, the cationic order and the monoclinic symmetry are progressively restored, but the doubling of the original cell volume is maintained by the alternate canting of adjacent cationic layers. It is noteworthy that all the polymorphs preserve the non-centric nature of the structure, but the ferroelectric behavior, characterized by high saturation polarization PS = 17 μC cm−2 and relatively low coercive field EC = 8 kV cm−1, is lost in the transition on heating and not recovered at low temperature when the original polar P21 symmetry is restored.

Graphical abstract: Phase equilibria in metastable regime in the (C8H12NO)2[ZnCl4] ferroelectric system

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The article was received on 20 Oct 2017, accepted on 04 Jan 2018 and first published on 05 Jan 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC04802E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018,6, 1057-1063
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    Phase equilibria in metastable regime in the (C8H12NO)2[ZnCl4] ferroelectric system

    F. Mezzadri, N. Mahbouli Rhouma, D. Delmonte, R. Cabassi, M. Loukil and G. Calestani, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 6, 1057
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC04802E

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