Approaches to improve the biocompatibility and systemic circulation of inorganic porous nanoparticles†
The exploitation of various inorganic nanoparticles as drug carriers and therapeutics is becoming increasingly common. The first issue to be considered with regard to the nanomaterials being utilized in medicine centers on their safety. The functionality of nanocarriers in real-life environments explains the enthusiasm for their use. Several functionalities are typically added onto nanocarriers but the most crucial feature of those carriers intended to be administered intravenously is that they should possess a long residence time in blood circulation. The present review focusses on the mesoporous nanoparticles due to their great promise in nanomedicine and concentrates on their coatings because it is the outmost layer which dictates their first interactions with the surroundings and often determines their biofate.