Combating pathogens with Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40 nanoparticles: a new proton-regulated antimicrobial agent†
The transfer of pathogens from contaminated surfaces to patients is one of the main causes of health care-associated infections (HCAIs). Cases of HCAIs due to multidrug-resistant organisms have been growing worldwide, whereas inorganic nano-antimicrobials are valuable today for the prevention and control of HCAIs. Here, we present a cesium salt of phosphotungstic heteropolyacid (Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40) as a promising nanomaterial for use in antimicrobial product technologies. This water-insoluble Keggin salt exhibits a broad biocide spectrum against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, yeasts, and filamentous fungi even under dark conditions. The Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40 nanoparticles (NPs) act as a proton-regulated antimicrobial whose activity is mediated on the release of hydronium ions (H3O+), yielding an in situ acidic pH several units below those tolerable by most of the fungal and bacterial nosocomial pathogens.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Materials and Nano Research in Brazil