Overcoming the morphological and efficiency limit in all-polymer solar cells by designing conjugated random copolymers containing a naphtho[1,2-c:5,6-c′]bis([1,2,5]thiadiazole)] moiety†
The ternary concept based on two electron donors and one electron acceptor has been deployed to extend the absorption as well as photovoltaic performance of all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs). However, it is still challenging to achieve the delicate morphology of ternary blended bulk-heterojunction films through rational molecular design. To overcome these issues, herein, we designed and synthesized a series of narrow bandgap conjugated copolymers by combining two conjugated polymers with various molar ratios of the naphthobis[1,2,5]thiadiazole (NT) unit (namely, NT00–NT100). All-PSCs were constructed by integrating these resultant copolymers with a commercially available electron-accepting copolymer N2200. The resultant all-PSCs based on the ternary copolymers NT40 exhibited an impressively high power conversion efficiency over 8.0%, which was clearly superior to that obtained for devices based on the NT00 : NT100 : N2200 blended films. Further characterization of the morphology of the films revealed that the incorporation of the NT unit improved π–π stacking and a degree of phase separation, which are conducive to exciton diffusion and charge transport.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2018 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers