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Issue 47, 2018
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Superior Na-storage performance of molten-state-blending-synthesized monoclinic NaVPO4F nanoplates for Na-ion batteries

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Abstract

A superior monoclinic NaVPO4F nanoplate for Na-ion batteries has been prepared by a molten-state-blending technique. By this molecular level blending method, a nanoscale-laminated NaVPO4F@C sample with high crystallinity can be obtained. High thermal stability, stable Na+ insertion/extraction and superior electron/Na+ transport of NaVPO4F have been elucidated by temperature-dependent IR, in situ XRD and kinetic investigations. Accordingly, the as-prepared NaVPO4F with moderate carbon coating exhibits superior Na-storage performance. It can deliver a high initial specific capacity of 135.0 mA h g−1 at 0.2C, ultra-high rate performance (up to 112.1 mA h g−1 at 30C) and super-stable cycling performance (capacity fading rate of 0.0064% per cycle during 1500 cycles at 20C). The potential application of NaVPO4F as the anode has been explored, and a symmetrical battery with NaVPO4F as both the anode and cathode has been successfully assembled for the first time. More significantly, in situ XRD and ex situ NMR have been employed to explore the charge–discharge behavior in a Na-ion battery, and the result clearly demonstrates that less than one Na has been intercalated/extracted from NaVPO4F during the charging/discharging process.

Graphical abstract: Superior Na-storage performance of molten-state-blending-synthesized monoclinic NaVPO4F nanoplates for Na-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Sep 2018, accepted on 01 Nov 2018 and first published on 03 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08842J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 24201-24209

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    Superior Na-storage performance of molten-state-blending-synthesized monoclinic NaVPO4F nanoplates for Na-ion batteries

    M. Ling, F. Li, H. Yi, X. Li, G. Hou, Q. Zheng and H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 24201
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08842J

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