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3D flower-like hierarchical NiCo2O4 architecture on carbon cloth fibers as an anode catalyst for high-performance, durable direct urea fuel cells

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Abstract

Direct urea fuel cells (DUFCs) are considered as promising green energy devices for sustainable energy generation from human waste; however, the lack of efficient urea oxidation reaction electrocatalysts remains a formidable challenge for their practical utility. Herein, we report a flexible, binder-free electrode with a 3-dimensional (3D) hierarchical nickel cobaltite (NiCo2O4) architecture on carbon cloth (CC) fibers for high-performance DUFCs. Benefitting from its unique catalytic nanoarchitecture and direct growth on carbon fibers, NiCo2O4/CC-12 demonstrates maximum DUFC power density and durability of 38 mW cm−2 and 180 h, respectively, which significantly outperform DUFC efficiencies reported previously for other catalysts. The influence of dimension, morphology, and chemical structure of the prepared catalysts towards DUFC performance is detailed. Furthermore, considerable improvement in DUFC performance along with enhanced durability is also achieved for NiCo2O4/CC-12 with human urine, offering a novel technological platform for the conversion of human waste into sustainable energy.

Graphical abstract: 3D flower-like hierarchical NiCo2O4 architecture on carbon cloth fibers as an anode catalyst for high-performance, durable direct urea fuel cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Aug 2018, accepted on 17 Oct 2018 and first published on 17 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08405J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    3D flower-like hierarchical NiCo2O4 architecture on carbon cloth fibers as an anode catalyst for high-performance, durable direct urea fuel cells

    M. Ranjani, N. Senthilkumar, G. Gnana kumar and A. Manthiram, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08405J

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