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Issue 42, 2018
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Hybrid NiO–CuO mesoporous nanowire array with abundant oxygen vacancies and a hollow structure as a high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor

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Abstract

High specific capacity as well as good cycling stability are crucial for practical applications of supercapacitors, but actually the specific capacitances of transition metal oxide-based electrodes are still far below their theoretical predictions, and their cycling stabilities cannot satisfy the commercial standard due to intrinsically poor electronic conductivity and volume structural changes during charging/discharging processes. Here, we report the synthesis of a hybrid NiO–CuO mesoporous nanowire array with abundant oxygen vacancies which constructs a three-dimensional (3D) hollow architecture via a facile hydrothermal method and subsequent annealing. Compared to single-phase NiO or CuO, the increased O-vacancies on the NiO–CuO hybrid nanowires probably arising from a high number of lattice defects can promote their electronic conductivity, as revealed by XPS O 1s spectra, EPR characterization and HRTEM images. In addition, the 3D hollow structure together with mesoporous nanowires composed of alternately linked NiO and CuO nanocrystals can relax strain stress either in a hollow 3D structure or along a one-dimensional (1D)-direction nanowire, which not only provides a fast diffusion pathway for electrolyte ions and a high surface area with more active sites, but also helps to maintain the structural integrity during charge/discharge cycles. Therefore, the as-prepared NiO–CuO@Ni foam has a high areal capacitance of 4.35 F cm−2 and also a very high specific capacitance of 1450.8 F g−1 at a current density of 2 mA cm−2. Further, it can be utilized directly as a binder-free positive electrode, and assembled with a negative electrode based on a 3D porous graphene hydrogel (PGH) to construct an asymmetric supercapacitor, which shows a wide potential window of 1.6 V and an outstanding cycling stability of 90.4% capacitance retention after 5000 charge/discharge cycles.

Graphical abstract: Hybrid NiO–CuO mesoporous nanowire array with abundant oxygen vacancies and a hollow structure as a high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Aug 2018, accepted on 04 Oct 2018 and first published on 06 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08262F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 21131-21142
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    Hybrid NiO–CuO mesoporous nanowire array with abundant oxygen vacancies and a hollow structure as a high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor

    Z. Fang, S. U. Rehman, M. Sun, Y. Yuan, S. Jin and H. Bi, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 21131
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08262F

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