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Fullerene-regulated graphene oxide nanosheet membranes with well-defined laminar nanochannels for precise molecule sieving

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Abstract

Graphene oxide nanosheets (GONs), featuring atomic thickness, good dispersibility, robustness and high production yield, have attracted great attention in the fabrication of ion and molecule sieving membranes. However, construction of well-defined two-dimensional nanochannels for precise separation of small molecules is still a challenge. Herein, we demonstrate a versatile strategy to construct well-defined laminar nanochannels of GON membranes sized at 1–2 nm for high-efficient molecule separation by introducing functionalized fullerenes (C60). Functionalized C60 is not only a well-defined and rigid nanosized fulcrum to precisely construct the laminar nanochannels, but also a crosslinker to produce membranes with excellent structural stability. The resultant membranes retain good hydrophilicity and have short laminar nanochannels with a precise height from 0.91 to 1.56 nm. The membrane with perfect 1.56 nm-high channels has the highest water permeability, which is four orders of magnitude higher than that of the reduced GON membrane, and shows excellent size selectivity for organic dyes. Furthermore, the fabricated membranes display robust mechanical strength and good long-term stability for nanofiltration.

Graphical abstract: Fullerene-regulated graphene oxide nanosheet membranes with well-defined laminar nanochannels for precise molecule sieving

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Aug 2018, accepted on 15 Oct 2018 and first published on 16 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08261H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    Fullerene-regulated graphene oxide nanosheet membranes with well-defined laminar nanochannels for precise molecule sieving

    X. Tang, Y. Qu, S. Deng, Y. Tan, Q. Zhang and Q. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08261H

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