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Issue 43, 2018
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Superior cycling stability of a crystalline/amorphous Co3S4 core–shell heterostructure for aqueous hybrid supercapacitors

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Abstract

In this article, a novel crystalline/amorphous Co3S4 core–shell heterostructure supported on nickel foam is fabricated through a facile method. Due to the unique structure of the crystalline Co3S4 core that provides stable mechanical support and surface-active sites and the amorphous shell that facilitates diffusion and reaction of electrolyte ions, the obtained crystalline/amorphous Co3S4 electrode shows a superior pseudocapacitive performance of 2.65 F cm−2 (2038.5 F g−1) at a current density of 5 mA cm−2 and even 1.81 F cm−2 (1392.3 F g−1) at 50 mA cm−2. In addition, the Co3S4//AC exhibits a relatively high energy density of 54.78 W h kg−1 at a power density of 400.02 W kg−1 and excellent cycling performance (about 94.8% capacitance retention over 32 500 cycles). The kinetic analysis reveals a diffusion controlled faradaic characteristic of Co3S4 (73.21% diffusion-controlled contribution). Moreover, the fabrication process presented in this work is facile, cost-effective, and environmentally benign, offering a feasible solution for fabricating next-generation high-performance energy storage devices.

Graphical abstract: Superior cycling stability of a crystalline/amorphous Co3S4 core–shell heterostructure for aqueous hybrid supercapacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Aug 2018, accepted on 02 Oct 2018 and first published on 06 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08135B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 21350-21359
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    Superior cycling stability of a crystalline/amorphous Co3S4 core–shell heterostructure for aqueous hybrid supercapacitors

    M. Liang, M. Zhao, H. Wang, Q. Zheng and X. Song, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 21350
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08135B

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