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Issue 38, 2018
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Screen printed carbon CsPbBr3 solar cells with high open-circuit photovoltage

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Abstract

Screen printed mesoporous carbon solar cells (mC-PSC) are a promising fully printable technology that does not require organic hole conductors, expensive metal contacts or vacuum processing. However, when infiltrated with the archetypal CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite, mC-PSCs show low voltage which limits their use in innovative applications such as indoor light harvesting. Here we investigate both planar (C-PSC) and mesoporous (mC-PSC) carbon cells, based on all-inorganic CsPbBr3. Pure CsPbBr3 is a yellow material with an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature and a 2.3 eV band gap, which is not ideal for solar cell applications. However, CsPbBr3 is thermally stable up to over 400 °C and high-voltage planar carbon solar cells, with open circuit voltages of up to 1.29 V and efficiencies up to 6.7% have been reported in the literature. We focus on the effect of the post-annealing temperature on the material properties and photovoltaic activity. XPS and XRD results show a non-linear trend with temperature, with significant improvements in composition between 200 and 300 °C. Both the mesoporous and planar champion devices were obtained after heat processing at 400 °C, reaching PCEs of 8.2% and 5.7% respectively. The average Voc for the planar and mesoporous devices were 1.33 V and 1.27 V respectively with a record 1.44 V for the best mC-PSC.

Graphical abstract: Screen printed carbon CsPbBr3 solar cells with high open-circuit photovoltage

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2018, accepted on 11 Sep 2018 and first published on 13 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07694D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 18677-18686
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    Screen printed carbon CsPbBr3 solar cells with high open-circuit photovoltage

    I. Poli, J. Baker, J. McGettrick, F. De Rossi, S. Eslava, T. Watson and P. J. Cameron, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 18677
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07694D

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