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Improved thermal and oxidation stability of bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE)-derived membranes, and their gas-permeation properties

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Abstract

The conventional method used to fabricate bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE)-derived organosilica membranes begins with a coating of BTESE-derived sols that is then fired at temperatures that do not exceed 300 °C, because the organic linking ethane groups start to thermally decompose at temperatures higher than 300 °C. In the present study, however, thermal stability of BTESE membranes was further enhanced by firing at much higher temperatures (550–700 °C), which promises to enable future applications such as H2 purification at high temperatures and gas separation under an oxidizing atmosphere. The selectivity of 700 °C-fired membranes for H2/CH4 was as high as 100 with H2 permeance of approximately 10−6 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1. Moreover, even after heat treatment at 550 °C under N2 and then under air, BTESE-derived membranes prepared at 550 °C showed high selectivity values of approximately 100 and 2000 for H2/CH4 and H2/CF4, respectively. By comparison, the selectivities for H2/CH4 and H2/CF4 of membranes prepared at 300 °C were approximately 30 and 200, respectively. The BTESE powders were characterized by FT-IR, N2 adsorption, Electro-Probe Microanalyzer (EPMA), and TGA. The large carbon/silicon ratio and residual weight for powders with multiple heat treatments under N2 and then under air, suggested that high-temperature treatment under N2 increased the thermal stability and oxidizing resistance. These results showed that calcination temperatures, atmosphere, and heat treatment are the key factors influencing the thermal and oxidation stability of these BTESE membranes.

Graphical abstract: Improved thermal and oxidation stability of bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE)-derived membranes, and their gas-permeation properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Aug 2018, accepted on 01 Nov 2018 and first published on 02 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07572G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    Improved thermal and oxidation stability of bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE)-derived membranes, and their gas-permeation properties

    X. Yu, H. Nagasawa, M. Kanezashi and T. Tsuru, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07572G

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