Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Metal-based nanostructured materials for advanced lithium–sulfur batteries

Author affiliations

Abstract

Since the resurgence of interest in lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries at the end of the 2000s, research in the field has grown rapidly. Li–S batteries hold great promise as the upcoming post-lithium-ion batteries owing to their notably high theoretical specific energy density of 2600 W h kg−1, nearly five-fold larger than that of current lithium-ion batteries. However, one of their major technical problems is found in the shuttling of soluble polysulfides between the electrodes, resulting in rapid capacity fading and poor cycling stability. This review spotlights the foremost findings and the recent progress in enhancing the electrochemical performance of Li–S batteries by using nanoscaled metal compounds and metals. Based on an overview of reported functional metal-based materials and their specific employment in certain parts of Li–S batteries, the underlying mechanisms of enhanced adsorption and improved reaction kinetics are critically discussed involving both experimental and computational research findings. Thus, material design principles and possible interdisciplinary research approaches providing the chance to jointly advance with related fields such as electrocatalysis are identified. Particularly, we elucidate additives, sulfur hosts, current collectors and functional interlayers/hybrid separators containing metal oxides, hydroxides and sulfides as well as metal–organic frameworks, bare metal and further metal nitrides, metal carbides and MXenes. Throughout this review article, we emphasize the close relationship between the intrinsic properties of metal-based nanostructured materials, the (electro)chemical interaction with lithium (poly)sulfides and the subsequent effect on the battery performance. Concluding the review, prospects for the future development of practical Li–S batteries with metal-based nanomaterials are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Metal-based nanostructured materials for advanced lithium–sulfur batteries

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jul 2018, accepted on 04 Oct 2018 and first published on 19 Oct 2018


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07220E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Metal-based nanostructured materials for advanced lithium–sulfur batteries

    J. Balach, J. Linnemann, T. Jaumann and L. Giebeler, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07220E

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements