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Super tough and strong self-healing elastomers based on polyampholytes

Abstract

A huge challenge for developing self-healing elastomers is the compromise between mechanical properties and healing efficiency. Here, we report a class of high performance self-healing elastomers (HiSHEs) with exceptional combination of strength (up to 30 MPa), toughness (up to 32 KJ/m2) and healing efficiency (> 80%). The HiSHEs are made of polyampholytes synthesized through kinetically controlled copolymerization of an acrylate monomer with long alkyl side group and a pair of oppositely charged monomers that forms precipitates slowly. The acrylate monomer enables polymer chains of high mobility, while the oppositely charged monomers form gradient interactions by segregating into ionic aggregates with a wide range of size and stiffness. The weak interactions sacrifice progressively to dissipate energy, thereby enhancing the toughness, and the strong interactions impart the elastomers with high strength and elasticity. Moreover, the reversible gradient interactions also enable self-healing and multi-shape memory functions. Harnessing these functions, we design a mendable strain sensor with remarkably improved sensitivity.

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Jul 2018, accepted on 07 Sep 2018 and first published on 07 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA06561F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Super tough and strong self-healing elastomers based on polyampholytes

    Y. Peng, L. Zhao, C. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Song, Q. Wu, G. Huang and J. Wu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA06561F

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