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Coral-Like Hierarchical Carbon Nanoarchitectures Loaded with Rh- and Co- Porphyrins as High-Efficiency Electrodes: Effect of Pore Morphology on CO Oxidation and Oxygen Reduction Performance

Abstract

Hierarchically nanostructured, coral-like carbons with uniform spherical ~50 nm pores and < 2 nm wall micropores as well as their non-coral-like, microporous counterpart are loaded with Rh- and Co-porphyrins. Taking advantage of pore networks with high uniformity and controllability, the performances of these composites in electrochemical CO oxidation (by loading Rh porphyrin) and oxygen reduction reactions (ORR, by loading Co porphyrin) are compared in a systematic manner to precisely elucidate the pore morphology-performance relationship. The porphyrin-loaded coral-like carbons show significantly higher CO oxidation and ORR currents than their microporous counterpart, with performance improvements attributable to high porphyrin loading (up to 35 μmol g-1) and dispersity ensured by the presence of the ~50 nm pores. The improvement is more distinct for coral-like carbon with higher pore connectivity (with ca. 15 nm neck) in CO oxidation, while this tendency is somewhat limited in ORR. Even superior performance to commercial carbon blacks with the same porphyrin loading results, generating ~2 (CO oxidation, at E = 0.3 V vs. RHE) and ~3-6 times (ORR, at E = 0.4 V vs. RHE) higher currents, which is considered indicative of favorable mass-transfer kinetics for coral-like carbons. The hybrids exhibiting excellent performances are considered to be promising Pt-free electrodes in various electrochemical devices (e.g., fuel cells), while, based on the comparisons, insights into future design directions of carbon nanoarchitectures for metalloporphyrin-loaded electrodes with further improved performance are provided.

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jun 2018, accepted on 09 Sep 2018 and first published on 13 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA05897K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Coral-Like Hierarchical Carbon Nanoarchitectures Loaded with Rh- and Co- Porphyrins as High-Efficiency Electrodes: Effect of Pore Morphology on CO Oxidation and Oxygen Reduction Performance

    S. Kubo, A. Endo and S. Yamazaki, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA05897K

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