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Issue 46, 2018
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Heterometallic metal–organic framework nanocages of high crystallinity: an elongated channel structure formed in situ through metal-ion (M = W or Mo) doping

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Abstract

Hollow metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are of considerable research interest, but they usually contain only a single chemical component, and their spherical or randomly distributed voids may not have ideal properties. In this work, we found that incorporating WO42− ions into UiO-66 could realize a fine caving of the single crystals, which created W/UiO-66 nanocages with an uncommon and well-defined channel structure. Inspiringly, the width of the channel could be tuned on the nanoscale (80–140 nm) by varying the dose of WO42− in the etching reaction. Despite the accommodation of abundant W, the as-formed nanocages were of high crystallinity, which was confirmed by HRTEM images collected using a K2IS direct-detection electron-counting camera. As a result, the channel structure, which was well preserved after annealing, and the incorporation of W endowed the calcined W/UiO-66 nanocages with highly-improved activity in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This synthetic strategy could also be applied to creating Mo-bearing UiO-66 nanocages, and may inspire the rational design of other intricate MOFs.

Graphical abstract: Heterometallic metal–organic framework nanocages of high crystallinity: an elongated channel structure formed in situ through metal-ion (M = W or Mo) doping

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 May 2018, accepted on 07 Aug 2018 and first published on 09 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA04892D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 23336-23344
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    Heterometallic metal–organic framework nanocages of high crystallinity: an elongated channel structure formed in situ through metal-ion (M = W or Mo) doping

    J. Wei, N. Cheng, Z. Liang, Y. Wu, Z. Zou, Z. Zhuang and Y. Yu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 23336
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA04892D

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