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3-(Phenylsulfonyl)propionitrile as a higher voltage bifunctional electrolyte additive to improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries

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Abstract

The effects of 3-(phenylsulfonyl)propionitrile (PSPN) as a higher voltage bifunctional additive in the electrolyte on the formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) on both LiCoO2 cathodes and graphite anodes are investigated using the half-cell method. The capacity retention of the Li/LiCoO2 and Li/graphite batteries with PSPN ranges from 10.12% and 74.81% to 79.19% and 92.58% after 200 cycles, respectively. The results of linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) demonstrate that PSPN is not only preferentially reduced but also easily oxidized during the charge–discharge process. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses confirm that PSPN-containing SEI films can form simultaneously on both electrodes due to the interaction of nitrile (–C[triple bond, length as m-dash]N) and sulfur–oxygen double bonds (S[double bond, length as m-dash]O), providing protection to the LiCoO2 and graphite electrodes and improving the cycle performance at higher voltage.

Graphical abstract: 3-(Phenylsulfonyl)propionitrile as a higher voltage bifunctional electrolyte additive to improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 May 2018, accepted on 04 Jul 2018 and first published on 05 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA04558E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article
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    3-(Phenylsulfonyl)propionitrile as a higher voltage bifunctional electrolyte additive to improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries

    X. Zuo, X. Deng, X. Ma, J. Wu, H. Liang and J. Nan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA04558E

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