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Intercalation of alkylamines in layered MoO3 and in situ carbonization for a high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor

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Abstract

MoO3/C nanocomposites are synthesized by first intercalating alkylamines into layered MoO3 and then in situ carbonization at high temperature. The possible arrangements of alkylamines in the interlayers of MoO3 and the interaction between the inorganic host and the organic guest are discussed. The resulting MoO3/C nanocomposite with a high degree of graphitization exhibits a high specific capacitance of 335 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1 and an excellent rate performance (70% capacitance retained 70% capacitance retained from 1 A g−1 to 10 A g−1). In addition, the obtained nanocomposite can be matched well with expanded graphite to maximize the specific capacitance and also to extend the potential window, giving rise to an increased energy density of the cell. The assembled MoO3/C//expanded graphite asymmetric supercapacitor can be cycled reversibly between 0 and 1.6 V with a specific capacitance of 88 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 and an energy density of 31.3 W h kg−1 at a power density of 838.4 W kg−1. Moreover, this supercapacitor exhibits a good cycling behavior with no more than 13.5% capacitance loss after 5000 cycles at 1 A g−1. The excellent performance is mainly attributed to two aspects. On the one hand, opening up MoO3 layers with conductive carbon can provide more redox sites for Faradaic reaction and promote transportation of electrons. On the other hand, MoO3 and intercalated carbon layers form a sandwich-type hybrid nanostructure, which facilitates the penetration and diffusion of electrolyte ions. This work may pave the way for fabricating active electrode materials for high performance energy storage devices through intercalation and in situ carbonization.

Graphical abstract: Intercalation of alkylamines in layered MoO3 and in situ carbonization for a high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Sep 2018, accepted on 20 Oct 2018 and first published on 22 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00454D
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, Advance Article
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    Intercalation of alkylamines in layered MoO3 and in situ carbonization for a high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor

    N. Chen, L. Ni, J. Zhou, G. Zhu, Y. Zhang, S. Chen, F. Gao, C. Lu, H. Ji, J. Chen, X. Wang, X. Guo, L. Peng, W. Ding and W. Hou, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00454D

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