Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance work on Wednesday 21st October 2020 from 07:00 AM to 07:00 PM (BST).

During this time our website performance may be temporarily affected. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 22, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Cobalt-catalysed alkene hydrogenation: a metallacycle can explain the hydroxyl activating effect and the diastereoselectivity

Author affiliations

Abstract

Bis(phosphine)cobalt dialkyl complexes have been reported to be highly active in the hydrogenation of tri-substituted alkenes bearing hydroxyl substituents. Alkene substrates containing ether, ester, or ketone substituents show minimal reactivity, indicating an activating effect of the hydroxyl group. The mechanistic details of bis(phosphine)cobalt-catalysed hydrogenation were recently evaluated computationally (X. Ma, M. Lei, J. Org. Chem. 2017, 82, 2703–2712) and a Co(0)–Co(II) redox mechanism was proposed. However, the activating effect of the hydroxyl substituent and the accompanying high diastereoselectivity were not studied. Here we report a computational study rationalizing the role of the hydroxyl group through a key metallacycle species. The metallacycle is part of a non-redox catalytic pathway proceeding through Co(II) intermediates throughout. The preference for alcohol over ether substrates and the high diastereoselectivity of terpinen-4-ol hydrogenation are correctly predicted in computations adopting the new pathway, whereas the alternative redox mechanism predicts ethers rather than alcohols to be more reactive substrates. Additional experimental evidence supports the role of the hydroxyl group in the metallacycle mechanism. Our work highlights the importance of employing known substrate preferences and stereoselectivities to test the validity of computationally proposed reaction pathways.

Graphical abstract: Cobalt-catalysed alkene hydrogenation: a metallacycle can explain the hydroxyl activating effect and the diastereoselectivity

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
21 Mar 2018
Accepted
04 May 2018
First published
04 May 2018

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2018,9, 4977-4982
Article type
Edge Article

Cobalt-catalysed alkene hydrogenation: a metallacycle can explain the hydroxyl activating effect and the diastereoselectivity

G. R. Morello, H. Zhong, P. J. Chirik and K. H. Hopmann, Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 4977
DOI: 10.1039/C8SC01315B

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements