Thermal decomposition behavior and kinetics for pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis of Douglas fir
In this study, the thermal decomposition behavior and kinetics of pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis of Douglas fir (DF) were investigated using thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. It was found that the heating rate was an important factor during the biomass pyrolysis process, it affected the pyrolysis though heat transfer and mass transfer through the biomass particles. The differential thermogravimetric (DTG) curves demonstrated that the role of the catalyst was to slightly reduce the temperature of biomass thermal degradation. We obtained the thermal data including the activation energy, frequency factor and reaction order by Coats–Redfern and Friedman methods. For the Coats–Redfern method, we found that the activation energy of the catalytic pyrolysis was lower than that of the non-catalytic pyrolysis. It means that the ZSM-5 catalyst increased the rate of reaction and reduced the energy required for the decomposition process. Meanwhile, the result from the Friedman method demonstrated that the reaction could be divided into two steps, which were reaction rate between 0.2 and 0.7 and a reaction rate of 0.8 based on parallelism. Addition of the ZSM-5 catalyst reduced the activation energy in the first region then increased it in the second region due to the secondary cracking of intermediate compounds which was highly affected by shape-selective catalysis. Simulation of pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis of DF using the obtained kinetic parameters was in good agreement with the experimental data. Py-GC/MS analysis was also carried out and indicated that the ZSM-5 catalyst had a highly positive effect on aromatic hydrocarbon production by significantly reducing oxygen-containing compounds (i.e. acids, esters, ketones/aldehydes and guaiacols) during the catalytic pyrolysis of DF.