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Issue 2, 2018
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Porous Pt–NiOx nanostructures with ultrasmall building blocks and enhanced electrocatalytic activity for the ethanol oxidation reaction

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Abstract

Oxidized species on surfaces would significantly improve the electrocatalytic activity of Pt-based materials. Constructing three-dimensional porous structures would endow the catalysts with good stability. Here, we report a simple strategy to synthesize porous Pt–NiOx nanostructures composed of ultrasmall (about 3.0 nm) building blocks in an ethanol–water solvent. Structure and component analysis revealed that the as-prepared material consisted of interconnected Pt nanocrystals and amorphous NiOx species. The formation mechanism investigation revealed that the preformed amorphous compounds were vital for the construction of porous structure. In the ethanol oxidation reaction, Pt–NiOx/C exhibited current densities of 0.50 mA cmPt−2 at 0.45 V (vs. SCE), which were 16.7 times higher than that of a commercial Pt/C catalyst. Potentiostatic tests showed that Pt–NiOx/C had much higher current and better tolerance towards CO poisoning than the Pt/C catalyst under 0.45 V (vs. SCE). In addition, the NiOx species on the surface also outperformed an alloyed Ni component in the test. These results indicate that the Pt–NiOx porous nanomaterial is promising for use in direct ethanol fuel cells.

Graphical abstract: Porous Pt–NiOx nanostructures with ultrasmall building blocks and enhanced electrocatalytic activity for the ethanol oxidation reaction

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 Oct 2017
Accepted
14 Dec 2017
First published
02 Jan 2018

This article is Open Access

RSC Adv., 2018,8, 698-705
Article type
Paper

Porous Pt–NiOx nanostructures with ultrasmall building blocks and enhanced electrocatalytic activity for the ethanol oxidation reaction

B. Li, H. Fan, M. Cheng, Y. Song, F. Li, X. Wang and R. Wang, RSC Adv., 2018, 8, 698
DOI: 10.1039/C7RA11575J

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