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Double-shelled CeO2@C hollow nanospheres as enhanced anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

Abstract

Metal oxide-based nanomaterials are extensively studied as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) because of their high energy densities. However, the practical application of these nanomaterials is hindered by their fast capacity degradation resulting from the large volume expansion upon lithiation. In this work, CeO2@resorcinol and formaldehyde resin (RF) hollow nanospheres were prepared by polymerization of resorcinol and formaldehyde on CeO2 hollow spheres surface. Mesoporous double-shelled CeO2@C hollow nanospheres were obtained by carbonizing RF in CeO2@RF. The resulting composites display a typical double-shell hollow structure with a cavity diameter of approximately 60 nm. The thickness of the CeO2 layer is approximately 20 nm, and the carbon shell of the outer layer is approximately 15 nm. This double-shelled structure, in which the CeO2 hollow nanospheres are uniformly dispersed inside the carbon nanoshells, can simultaneously act as a conductive framework and a protective buffer layer to restrain volume variations. The fabricated nanospheres exhibit remarkable electrochemical performance as anodes for LIBs, displaying a high reversible capability (1309.1 mA h g−1 at 100 mA g−1), stable cycling life (903.6 mA h g−1 after 300 cycles at 100 mA g−1), and good rate capacity (761.6 mA h g−1 at 1000 mA g−1). This effective strategy provide new insight into the design and synthesis of other composite electrodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries.

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2018, accepted on 09 Nov 2018 and first published on 09 Nov 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8QI01068D
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Double-shelled CeO2@C hollow nanospheres as enhanced anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

    Q. Gong, T. Gao, H. Huang, R. Wang, P. Cao and G. Zhou, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8QI01068D

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