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Selective anionic dye adsorption, topology and luminescence study of structurally diverse cadmium(II) coordination polymers

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Abstract

A flexible carboxylate EGTA (ethylene bis(oxyethylenenitrilo) tetraacetic acid) ligand was used to construct four coordination polymers, namely, {[Cd3(EGTA)(NO3)2(H2O)6]·H2O}n 1, {[Cd5(EGTA)2(bpy)4(H2O)4]bpy·(NO3)2·(H2O)8}n 2, {[Cd3(EGTA)(1,2-dpe)1.5(H2O)3](NO3)2(H2O)6}n 3 and {[Cd2(EGTA)(dpe)(H2O)]·(H2O)4}n 4, bearing N-donor pyridyl co-linkers 4,4′-bipyridine (bpy), 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethane (1,2-dpe) and 1,2-di(4-pyridyl)ethylene (dpe), under solvothermal conditions. Complexes were characterized by spectroscopic and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques to explore binding manners, geometries, dimensions and involvement of non-covalent interactions in stabilization of the structure. Complexes 1 and 3 afforded 1D zigzag infinite chain structure stabilized by hydrogen bonding of co-crystallized water molecule with uninodal 2C1 and 2,2,4C3 topologies, respectively. In contrast, complexes 2 and 4 displayed 3D sheet frameworks with 4,6-c net-connected fsc and sqc11 and uninodal 6-c net connected rob topologies, respectively. Cd(II) exhibits rare distorted trigonal pyramidal geometrical configuration in complex 3. The complexes also show solid state emission properties. Furthermore, evaluation of dye adsorption properties of complexes indicates that complexes 2 and 3 selectively adsorb anionic dyes (methyl orange and Congo red) quickly (within 30 and 90 minutes, respectively), while complex 4 adsorbs anionic dye in a longer time (∼24 h). The adsorption capabilities of complexes 2 and 3 are stronger, possibly owing to the cationic nature of the complexes and greater non-covalent interactions compared to complex 4.

Graphical abstract: Selective anionic dye adsorption, topology and luminescence study of structurally diverse cadmium(ii) coordination polymers

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2018, accepted on 27 Nov 2018 and first published on 28 Nov 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8QI01039K
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2019, Advance Article
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    Selective anionic dye adsorption, topology and luminescence study of structurally diverse cadmium(II) coordination polymers

    R. Gaur, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8QI01039K

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