Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance work on Wednesday 27th March 2019 from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM (GMT).

During this time our website performance may be temporarily affected. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.

Issue 11, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Direct access to biocompatible nitroxide containing polymers

Author affiliations


We introduce the preparation and ring-opening polymerization of a nitroxide containing carbonate monomer. Using 1,8-diazabicyclo undec-7-ene (DBU) and a thiourea as the catalyst system, we demonstrate that the free radical moiety of the monomer has no influence on the ring-opening copolymerization with D/L-lactide in a wide range of compositions between 10% and 80% of the nitroxide monomer, which can be readily controlled by the comonomer composition in the polymerization mixture. The copolymers exhibit narrow and monomodal mass distributions with number average molar masses between 6000 g·mol−1 to 7000 g·mol−1 and low dispersities below 1.1. The free radical functionality is retained during the polymerization as demonstrated by electron spin resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. High-resolution mass spectrometry coupled to size exclusion chromatography allowed an in-depth analysis of the copolymers showing well-defined linear polymer chains with excellent endgroup fidelity. Furthermore, the molar mass of the polymers was controlled by the monomer to initiator ratio which led to copolymers of up to 19 500 g·mol−1.

Graphical abstract: Direct access to biocompatible nitroxide containing polymers

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 17 Jan 2018, accepted on 23 Feb 2018 and first published on 26 Feb 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8PY00089A
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2018,9, 1348-1355

  •   Request permissions

    Direct access to biocompatible nitroxide containing polymers

    C. Lang, L. Barner, J. P. Blinco, C. Barner-Kowollik and K. E. Fairfull-Smith, Polym. Chem., 2018, 9, 1348
    DOI: 10.1039/C8PY00089A

Search articles by author