A convenient and reproducible method for the synthesis of astatinated 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine via electrophilic desilylation
The 211At-labeled compound, 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine, is one of the most promising amino acid derivatives for use in targeted alpha therapy (TAT) for various cancers. Electrophilic demetallation of a stannyl precursor is the most widely used approach for labeling biomolecules with 211At. However, the low acid-resistance of the stannyl precursor necessitates the use of an N- and C-terminus-protected precursor, which results in a low overall radiochemical yield (RCY) due to the multiple synthetic steps involved. In this study, a deprotected organosilyl compound, 4-triethylsilyl-L-phenylalanine, was employed for the direct synthesis of astatinated phenylalanines. 211At was separately recovered from the irradiated 209Bi target using chloroform (CHCl3) and N-chlorosuccinimide-methanol (NCS-MeOH) solution. The RCYs of 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine obtained from the triethylsilyl precursor with the use of 211At, isolated in CHCl3 and NCS-MeOH solution, were 75% and 64% respectively. In both cases, the retention time of the 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine was found to be about 20 min, which showed reasonable correlation with the retention time of non-radioactive 4-halo-L-phenylalanines (4-chloro-, 4-bromo-, and 4-iodo-L-phenylalanine). The one-step reaction examined in this study involved mild reaction conditions (70 °C) and a short time (10 min) compared to the other currently reported procedures for astatination. Electrophilic desilylation was found to be very effective for the labeling of aromatic amino acids with 211At.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Synthetic methodology in OBC