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Issue 44, 2018
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Studies of 4-arylthiazolylhydrazones derived from 1-indanones as Trypanosoma cruzi squalene epoxidase inhibitors by molecular simulations

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Abstract

Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Its squalene epoxidase (SE) is a target for drug design and development because it is a key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of ergosterol, which is essential for the life cycle of the parasite. Previously, we reported that some 4-arylthiazolylhydrazones derived from 1-indanones (TZHs) active against T. cruzi are able to accumulate squalene probably by SE inhibition. In this work, we performed a series of theoretical studies to verify that TZHs act as inhibitors of this enzyme. Since the crystal structure of SE is unknown for all species, we built a 3D enzyme model of T. cruzi SE by homology modeling. Based on this model, we carried out docking, molecular dynamics, and MM/PBSA calculations and the results were compared with those found for the reference inhibitor compound terbinafine (Tbf). The binding free energy values allowed the discrimination between accumulators and non-accumulators of squalene compounds, in agreement with the experimental findings. Pairwise residue free energy decomposition showed that the key amino acids involved in inhibitor binding for TZHs and Tbf were the same. Also, molecular superposition analysis between these compounds revealed high structural similarity. In addition, we proposed a pharmacophore model for T. cruzi SE inhibitors, which confirmed that TZHs and Tbf share chemical features with respect to their biochemical interaction characteristics at similar positions in 3D space. All theoretical calculations suggest that the experimentally observed squalene accumulation is produced by T. cruzi SE inhibition.

Graphical abstract: Studies of 4-arylthiazolylhydrazones derived from 1-indanones as Trypanosoma cruzi squalene epoxidase inhibitors by molecular simulations

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Sep 2018, accepted on 18 Oct 2018 and first published on 18 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8OB02310G
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018,16, 8525-8536
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    Studies of 4-arylthiazolylhydrazones derived from 1-indanones as Trypanosoma cruzi squalene epoxidase inhibitors by molecular simulations

    G. J. Noguera, L. E. Fabian, E. Lombardo and L. M. Finkielsztein, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, 16, 8525
    DOI: 10.1039/C8OB02310G

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