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Issue 44, 2018
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Cyclic arylopeptoid oligomers: synthesis and conformational propensities of peptide-mimetic aromatic macrocycles

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Abstract

Macrocyclic peptide-mimetic molecules are attracting renewed attention and have found widespread application in research fields ranging from biochemical science to materials science. Herein, we describe the synthesis and structural elucidation of cyclo[n]-p-arylopeptoids (classified into cyclic aromatic ε-amino acids) bearing various side chains, namely, C[n]pAP(Rn) (where n inside brackets denotes the number of main chain units and R inside parentheses represents side chains). We investigate the influence of n and R on the macrocyclization efficiency of linear p-arylopeptoid oligomers (n = 3, 4, 5) under high-dilution conditions with or without slow addition. The structures of the cyclo[4]-p-arylopeptoids (C[4]pAP(Rn)) and their conformational dynamics are disclosed on the basis of single-crystal X-ray analyses, viable-temperature (VT) 1H NMR studies, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We found two representative conformations (open and closed) of cyclo[4]-p-arylopeptoids (C[4]pAP(Rn)) in the solid state and whose preference in the solution state was most likely dependent on solvent polarity. We believe that this simple but dynamic macrocyclic peptide-mimetic molecular scaffold would be attractive for developing new functional molecular tools based on rational molecular design as well as molecular library screening strategies.

Graphical abstract: Cyclic arylopeptoid oligomers: synthesis and conformational propensities of peptide-mimetic aromatic macrocycles

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Aug 2018, accepted on 10 Sep 2018 and first published on 10 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8OB01962B
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018,16, 8505-8512
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    Cyclic arylopeptoid oligomers: synthesis and conformational propensities of peptide-mimetic aromatic macrocycles

    M. Hayakawa, A. Ohsawa, K. Takeda, R. Torii, Y. Kitamura, H. Katagiri and M. Ikeda, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, 16, 8505
    DOI: 10.1039/C8OB01962B

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