Designing phenylalanine-based hybrid biological materials: controlling morphology via molecular composition†
Harnessing the self-assembly of peptide sequences has demonstrated great promise in the domain of creating high precision shape-tunable biomaterials. The unique properties of peptides allow for a building block approach to material design. In this study, self-assembly of mixed systems encompassing two peptide sequences with identical hydrophobic regions and distinct polar segments is investigated. The two peptide sequences are diphenylalanine and phenylalanine-asparagine-phenylalanine. The study examines the impact of molecular composition (namely, the total peptide concentration and the relative tripeptide concentration) on the morphology of the self-assembled hybrid biological material. We report a rich polymorphism in the assemblies of these peptides and explain the relationship between the peptide sequence, concentration and the morphology of the supramolecular assembly.