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Issue 43, 2018
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A rapid hemostatic sponge based on large, mesoporous silica nanoparticles and N-alkylated chitosan

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Abstract

Rapid bleeding control is increasingly important in current civilian and military emergency medicine, but the rapid hemostasis achieved with current hemostatic products is often unsafe. In this study, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with large pores were coordinated with a glycerol-modified N-alkylated chitosan sponge (GACS) to develop a rapid and safe hemostatic sponge. Due to its coagulation-promoting structure, MSN–GACS exhibited unique hemostatic potency in serial in vitro coagulation tests. In addition to enhanced platelet adhesion and whole blood absorption, MSN–GACS exhibited better biocompatibility than Combat Gauze (CG), which is popular in the US military. Furthermore, in rabbit femoral artery and liver injury in vivo models, MSN–GACS showed better hemostatic efficiency and lower cardiovascular toxicity than CG. In conclusion, MSN–GACS is an excellent prehospital hemostatic agent for first-aid applications.

Graphical abstract: A rapid hemostatic sponge based on large, mesoporous silica nanoparticles and N-alkylated chitosan

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2018, accepted on 10 Oct 2018 and first published on 10 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07865C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 20234-20245
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    A rapid hemostatic sponge based on large, mesoporous silica nanoparticles and N-alkylated chitosan

    Z. Chen, L. Han, C. Liu, Y. Du, X. Hu, G. Du, C. Shan, K. Yang, C. Wang, M. Li, F. Li and F. Tian, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 20234
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07865C

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