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Direct growth of CuCo2S4 nanosheets on carbon fiber textile with enhanced electrochemical pseudocapacitive properties and electrocatalytic properties towards glucose oxidation

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Abstract

Flexible and wearable electronic devices with excellent performance have been desired for making the next generation of electronic products. Herein, the synthesis of CuCo2S4 nanosheets on flexible carbon fiber textile (CFT) by a facile one-step and scalable hydrothermal procedure is reported, which is free from the sulphurization process used in the conventional synthesis of mixed metal sulphospinels. The as-prepared CuCo2S4 nanostructures on CFT can provide rich reaction sites and short ion diffusion paths. The CuCo2S4 nanosheets are employed as the free-standing electrodes for two different applications: high-performance supercapacitors and non-enzymatic glucose sensors. When employed as a flexible electrode material for supercapacitors, the electrode presents ultrahigh performance in energy storage with a specific capacitance of 3321.6 F g−1 at 5 A g−1, which is attributed to the suitable mass loading and special morphology of the as-prepared nanosheets. Remarkably, a specific capacitance of 2931.4 F g−1 is still retained at the high current density of 30 A g−1, suggesting its excellent rate capability. The specific capacitance retains 87.1% after 3000 cycles, reflecting excellent cycling performance. For real applications, a flexible symmetric supercapacitor is assembled based on CuCo2S4 nanosheets, which achieves a high energy density of 64.6 W h kg−1 at 499.7 W kg−1 and a maximum power density of 2081.5 W kg−1 at 45.1 W h kg−1. Besides serving as a free-standing electrode for non-enzymatic glucose sensors, CuCo2S4 nanosheets have remarkable electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation with a high sensitivity of 3852.7 μA mM−1 cm−2 and an extraordinary linear range up to 3.67 mM. The experimental results suggest that CuCo2S4 nanosheets are more suitable for non-enzymatic glucose sensors than the related single/binary transition metal oxides/sulfides. Such a superior performance demonstrates that CuCo2S4 nanosheets hold great potential for use as flexible multifunctional electronic devices including supercapacitors and non-enzymatic glucose sensors.

Graphical abstract: Direct growth of CuCo2S4 nanosheets on carbon fiber textile with enhanced electrochemical pseudocapacitive properties and electrocatalytic properties towards glucose oxidation

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jun 2018, accepted on 27 Jun 2018 and first published on 28 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR04519D
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    Direct growth of CuCo2S4 nanosheets on carbon fiber textile with enhanced electrochemical pseudocapacitive properties and electrocatalytic properties towards glucose oxidation

    W. Xu, J. Lu, W. Huo, J. Li, X. Wang, C. Zhang, X. Gu and C. Hu, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR04519D

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