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Controllable Dynamics of Oxygen Vacancies through Extrinsic Doping for Superior Catalytic Activities

Abstract

Due to strong redox ability, high stability, cost effectiveness and non-toxicity, Cerium oxide (CeO2) have been extensively researched as an active photocatalyst material. The underlying photocatalytic reactions are mostly associated with the transportation of oxygen ions through vacancies, but the clear understanding of the actual transport phenomenon had not been well understood. In this work, Gadolinium (Gd) is sequentially doped into CeO2 to investigate how extrinsic doping can modulate oxygen vacancies in CeO2 and influence photocatalytic activities. From our investigations, it was found that the Gd doping may induce structural symmetry breaks into pure CeO2 fluorite structure that transform mobile oxygen vacancies into clustered or immobile vacancies. When the vacancies were set as “mobile” (for Gd doping levels (≤ 15 at.%), maximum photocatalytic activities were obtained. In contrast, suppressed photocatalytic efficiencies were noted for higher Gd doping levels (20 at.% or more). The results reported in this research may provide an extra degree of freedom in the form of extrinsic doping to configure the oxygen vacancy defects and their mobility to achieve better catalytic efficiencies.

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 May 2018, accepted on 10 Sep 2018 and first published on 10 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03801E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Controllable Dynamics of Oxygen Vacancies through Extrinsic Doping for Superior Catalytic Activities

    A. Younis, S. Shirsath, B. Shabbir and S. Li, Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03801E

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