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Issue 41, 2018
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Electrostatically regulated ternary-doped carbon foams with exposed active sites as metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts

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Abstract

Pt, a representative electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), has suffered from high cost and poor stability, and thus it is essential to develop alternative electrocatalyst with a high catalytic activity comparable to Pt. Herein, we propose a rationally designed metal-free electrocatalyst with exposed active sites using an N, P, and S ternary-doped and graphene-incorporated porous carbon foam. We developed a novel template-free synthetic approach wherein the electrostatically-mediated complexation of graphene oxide (GO) with 2-aminothiazole (2AT) and branched polyethylenimine (PEI) in the presence of phytic acid (PA) was first induced, followed by a carbonization process to drive the formation of a three-dimensionally interconnected porous carbon foam. The resulting electrocatalyst exhibited a high pore volume and greatly extended specific surface area along with exposed active sites. Benefiting from these properties, the synthesized ternary-doped carbon foam displayed an outstanding electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction ORR through four-electron transfer pathways. We observed that the remarkably improved ORR performance of the synthesized materials manifested an onset and a half-wave potential, mostly close to those of the commercially available ORR electrocatalyst of 20 wt% Pt/C while securing a greater stability in alkaline media.

Graphical abstract: Electrostatically regulated ternary-doped carbon foams with exposed active sites as metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 May 2018
Accepted
27 Sep 2018
First published
28 Sep 2018

Nanoscale, 2018,10, 19498-19508
Article type
Paper

Electrostatically regulated ternary-doped carbon foams with exposed active sites as metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts

Md. S. A. Sher Shah, J. Lee, A. Rauf, J. H. Park, B. Lim and P. J. Yoo, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 19498
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03527J

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