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Issue 30, 2018
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Biocompatible protamine sulfate@silicon nanoparticle-based gene nanocarriers featuring strong and stable fluorescence

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Abstract

The development of biocompatible and fluorescent gene carriers is of particular importance in the gene-delivery field. Taking advantage of the unique optical properties (e.g., strong and robust fluorescence) of silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs), as well as the excellent biocompatibility of silicon and protamine sulfate (PS, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for clinical use), we herein present a type of PS-modified SiNP (PS@SiNP)-based gene carrier. Plasmid DNA (pDNA) with negative charges can be effectively bound onto the surface of the as-prepared fluorescent PS@SiNP-based gene carriers via electrostatic interactions. In particular, such resultant gene carriers possess stable and high fluorescence (photoluminescent quantum yield (PLQY): ∼25%). In addition, the PS@SiNP-based gene carriers show minimal toxic effects on normal mitochondrial metabolic activity (e.g., human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells preserve ∼90% of their cell viability after a 48 h incubation with the resultant carriers). Based on tracking the strong and stable fluorescence signals of SiNPs, the dynamic behavior of the PS@SiNP-based gene carriers in live cells (e.g., clathrin-mediated endocytosis, lysosomal escape, pDNA release, etc.) is investigated in a long-term manner, providing valuable information for understanding the intracellular behavior of gene vectors and designing high-efficacy gene carriers.

Graphical abstract: Biocompatible protamine sulfate@silicon nanoparticle-based gene nanocarriers featuring strong and stable fluorescence

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Apr 2018, accepted on 14 Jun 2018 and first published on 06 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03107J
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 14455-14463
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    Biocompatible protamine sulfate@silicon nanoparticle-based gene nanocarriers featuring strong and stable fluorescence

    X. Ji, C. Wang, M. Tang, D. Guo, F. Peng, Y. Zhong, B. Song, Y. Su and Y. He, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 14455
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03107J

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