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Efficient and simplified nanomechanical analysis of intrinsically disordered proteins

Abstract

Intrinsically Disordered Proteins (IDPs) lack a tertiary structure. Amyloidogenic IDPs (aIDPs) in particular have attracted great interest due to their implication in several devastating diseases as well as in critical functions. However, the conformational changes that trigger amyloid formation in aIDPs are largely unknown. aIDPs’ conformational polymorphism at the monomer level encumbers their study using bulk techniques. Single-molecule techniques like Atomic Force Microscopy-based Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy are a promising approach and a “carrier-guest” strategy, in which the protein of interest is mechanically protected, was developed to overcome the spurious signals from the noisy proximal region. However, since carrier and single-molecule markers have similar mechanostabilities, their signals can intermingle in the force-extension recordings, making peak selection and analysis very laborious, cumbersome and prone to error. Here we have developed a new carrier, the c8C module from the CipC scaffoldin, with a higher mechanostability so that the signals from the protected protein will appear at the end of the recordings. This assures an accurate, more efficient and expert-independent analysis, simplifying both the selection and analysis of single-molecule data. Furthermore, this modular design can be integrated into any SMFS polyprotein-based vector, thus constituting a useful utensil to the growing toolbox of protein nanomechanics.

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Apr 2018, accepted on 18 Jul 2018 and first published on 18 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02785D
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Efficient and simplified nanomechanical analysis of intrinsically disordered proteins

    M. D. C. Fernández-Ramírez, R. Hervás, A. Galera-Prat, D. V. Laurents and M. Carrión-Vázquez, Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02785D

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