Core–shell rare-earth-doped nanostructures in biomedicine
The current status of the use of core–shell rare-earth-doped nanoparticles in biomedical applications is reviewed in detail. The different core–shell rare-earth-doped nanoparticles developed so far are described and the most relevant examples of their application in imaging, sensing, and therapy are summarized. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages they present are discussed. Finally, a critical opinion of their potential application in real life biomedicine is given.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Recent Review Articles and International Year of the Periodic Table : Lanthanides for Precision Therapy and Beyond