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Issue 12, 2018
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Cyclopentane-forming di/sesterterpene synthases: widely distributed enzymes in bacteria, fungi, and plants

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Abstract

Covering: 2000 to 2018

In the late 1960s, structurally unique fusicoccane- and ophiobolane-type di/sesterterpenes were isolated and their homologs were found to be widely distributed in various organisms. Nearly a half century later, the first terpene synthase PaFS was identified, which triggered the discovery of a number of di/sesterterpene synthases, which were named as cyclopentane-forming terpene synthases (CPF-TSs). In the past 10 years, CPF-TSs have emerged as a new type of class I terpene synthases, which afford di/sesterterpenes with characteristic polycyclic molecular skeletons; they catalyze two different types of cyclizations, defined as type A and B, which are relevant to the initial cyclization mode of a polyprenyl diphosphate. This review summarizes the characteristic features of CPF-TSs from various sources and detailed cyclization mechanisms; we have also discussed the structural diversification strategy of these novel enzymes.

Graphical abstract: Cyclopentane-forming di/sesterterpene synthases: widely distributed enzymes in bacteria, fungi, and plants

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Article information


Submitted
27 Mar 2018
First published
01 Jun 2018

Nat. Prod. Rep., 2018,35, 1330-1346
Article type
Review Article

Cyclopentane-forming di/sesterterpene synthases: widely distributed enzymes in bacteria, fungi, and plants

A. Minami, T. Ozaki, C. Liu and H. Oikawa, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2018, 35, 1330
DOI: 10.1039/C8NP00026C

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