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Issue 22, 2018
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Co2+ substituted La2CuO4/LaCoO3 perovskite nanocomposites: synthesis, properties and heterogeneous catalytic performance

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Abstract

Cobalt substituted La2CuO4/LaCoO3 perovskite nanocomposites were prepared using a microwave combustion method. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that Co2+ substitution in La2CuO4 induced the formation of a secondary LaCoO3 phase with rhombohedral structure along with the existing orthorhombic (La2CuO4) structure. The orthorhombic/rhombohedral structured nanocomposites possessed an average crystallite size in the range of 36–46 nm and 21–49 nm, respectively. The Rietveld analysis confirmed the formation of these two phases. The appearance of FT-IR bands around 682 and 512 cm−1 was correlated to the orthorhombic stretching modes while the bands around 580 and 445 cm−1 were associated with the rhombohedral stretching modes thereby confirming the two-phase perovskite system. An optical study revealed two linear regions depicting two band gaps related to the La2CuO4 and LaCoO3 phases. The band gap was found to increase with an increase in the Co2+ doping fraction. Morphological observations using scanning electron microscopy showed intragranular pores and fused grains with distinct grain boundaries. The change in the magnetic properties was associated most probably with the exchange of the A and B sites within the La2CuO4 host lattice because of Co2+ doping, as well as the important phase composition of La2CuO4/LaCoO3 obtained from the ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic transition. The BET surface area of the pure and doped nanocomposites was found to vary considerably within the range of 12.2–43.7 m2 g−1. The as-fabricated La2CuO4/LaCoO3 perovskite nanocomposites were evaluated for the conversion of glycerol to formic acid in a liquid phase batch reactor under atmospheric conditions. This La3+ based nanocomposite behaves as an efficient bifunctional catalyst with high conversion efficiency and selectivity around 96.5% and 95.1%, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Co2+ substituted La2CuO4/LaCoO3 perovskite nanocomposites: synthesis, properties and heterogeneous catalytic performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Aug 2018, accepted on 08 Oct 2018 and first published on 09 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ04133D
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018,42, 18128-18142
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    Co2+ substituted La2CuO4/LaCoO3 perovskite nanocomposites: synthesis, properties and heterogeneous catalytic performance

    M. Sukumar, L. J. Kennedy, J. J. Vijaya, B. Al-Najar and M. Bououdina, New J. Chem., 2018, 42, 18128
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ04133D

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