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Issue 2, 2019
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Acetylcholinesterase biosensor modified with ATO/OMC for detecting organophosphorus pesticides

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Abstract

This work demonstrates the sensitive amperometric determination of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) on screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) modified with antimony tin oxide-chitosan (ATO-CS) and ordered mesoporous carbon-chitosan (OMC-CS) composite nanomaterials. ATO could effectively promote electron transfer and enhance the electrochemical reaction. OMC had a larger specific surface area, so it could effectively fix more AChE and improve the sensitivity of the sensor. Thus, ATO-CS and OMC-CS were modified onto the SPE layer-by-layer, which could improve the electrochemical response, increase the fixed amount of the enzyme on the electrode, and, accordingly, the sensitivity of the biosensor was obviously improved. The electrochemical behavior of the AChE biosensor was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) techniques. Under optimum conditions, with chlorpyrifos and methamidophos as the model compounds, the inhibition of AChE activity based on OPs was detected. The proposed acetylcholinesterase biosensor displayed an excellent analytical performance with great reproducibility. The detection limits for chlorpyrifos and methamidophos were 0.01 μg L−1 and 1 μg L−1, respectively. In addition, the as-prepared acetylcholinesterase biosensor was successfully utilized for the determination of OPs in actual samples.

Graphical abstract: Acetylcholinesterase biosensor modified with ATO/OMC for detecting organophosphorus pesticides

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2018, accepted on 17 Oct 2018 and first published on 19 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ03429J
Citation: New J. Chem., 2019,43, 946-952
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    Acetylcholinesterase biosensor modified with ATO/OMC for detecting organophosphorus pesticides

    W. Hou, Q. Zhang, H. Dong, F. Li, Y. Zhang, Y. Guo and X. Sun, New J. Chem., 2019, 43, 946
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ03429J

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