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Resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) and their structural congeners: recent advances in their biosynthesis, chemical synthesis and biology

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Abstract

Resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) are naturally occurring 14-membered macrolactones that constitute a class of polyketides derived from fungal metabolites and that possess significant and promising biological activity. Their core structural feature consists of a β-resorcylic acid framework (2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid) fused with an alicyclic side unit decorated with numerous functional groups in a stereodefined fashion. In this review, we focus our attention on the chemistry and biology of this novel class of macrolactones. Only recent developments from the year 2008 to date will be covered, and the core attention will be given to the synthesis and biosynthesis of RALs published during these times. We also delineate the chemistry and biology of several structural congeners of RALs that have also come into existence in recent years.

Graphical abstract: Resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) and their structural congeners: recent advances in their biosynthesis, chemical synthesis and biology

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 May 2018, accepted on 29 Sep 2018 and first published on 01 Oct 2018


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ02534G
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    Resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) and their structural congeners: recent advances in their biosynthesis, chemical synthesis and biology

    N. Jana and S. Nanda, New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ02534G

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