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Issue 16, 2018
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Imprinted silica nanofiber formation via sol–gel-electrospinning for selective micro solid phase extraction

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Abstract

Sol composition and ripening conditions are two important parameters in silica fiber production through the conventional sol–gel process. In the current study, silica nanofibers were successfully obtained via the electrospinning technique, and sol–gel formation occurred during this process. Based on previous reports, with the aim of increasing the selectivity, we used the molecular imprinted methodology to produce a selective medium via sol–gel electrospinning. In this process, sol–gel was formed during electrospinning and then, the backbone polymer was removed by heating. To obtain a thin layer of silica nanofibers, the influencing parameters such as backbone polymer types, imprinting time and the components ratio were explored. The data obtained from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis revealed that the polyamide moiety was removed after heating. Also, the scanning electron microscopy images indicated the geometry of the silica nanofibers before and after heating. The extraction efficiency of the electrospun silica nanofiber mat was compared with the same silica precursor sol–gel produced by bulk and electrochemical approaches. The data obtained from the online micro-solid phase extraction-liquid chromatography analysis demonstrated the superiority of the electrospun silica nanofibers. After optimizing the entire procedure, the method was validated. The linearity of the analyte is in the range of 6–400 μg L−1, while the LOD value is 1.8 μg L−1 and the inter- and intra-day RSDs% are less than 9.6%. The method was conveniently applied to the spiked and un-spiked Zayanderood river, garden stream, and tap water samples with relative recovery percentages of up to 109%.

Graphical abstract: Imprinted silica nanofiber formation via sol–gel-electrospinning for selective micro solid phase extraction

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Apr 2018, accepted on 11 Jul 2018 and first published on 11 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01818A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018,42, 13864-13872
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    Imprinted silica nanofiber formation via sol–gel-electrospinning for selective micro solid phase extraction

    S. Asgari, H. Bagheri and A. Es-haghi, New J. Chem., 2018, 42, 13864
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01818A

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