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Issue 14, 2018
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Pyrrole N-alkyl side chain effects on the properties of pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,3-dione-based polymers for polymer solar cells

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Abstract

In this study, two new pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,3-dione (PPD)-based polymers (P3 and P4) incorporating a 2-octyldodecyl (branched alkyl) group on the pyrrole nitrogen of the PPD unit were prepared. Their properties were briefly compared to those of the structurally quite similar PPD-based polymers (P1 and P2) with an n-octyl (linear alkyl) group on the PPD unit, in order to understand the importance of the pyrrole N-alkyl group. The calculated optical band gaps (Eg) and highest occupied molecular orbital energy levels of P3 and P4 were found to be around ∼0.1 eV higher and deeper, respectively, compared to those of the respective linear alkylated polymers P1 and P2. The maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) obtained for the polymer solar cells made by using P3 or P4:PC70BM blends without any additive was around ∼2%, which was quite similar to that of the PSCs made using P1 or P2:PC70BM blends. However, P3 and P4 exhibited a notably lower PCE than that of P1 and P2, respectively, when the polymer solar cells were created with an additive. This study confirmed that the alkyl substituent on the pyrrole nitrogen of the PPD unit significantly affects the properties of the resulting polymer.

Graphical abstract: Pyrrole N-alkyl side chain effects on the properties of pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,3-dione-based polymers for polymer solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Apr 2018, accepted on 05 Jun 2018 and first published on 08 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01715H
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018,42, 12045-12053
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    Pyrrole N-alkyl side chain effects on the properties of pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,3-dione-based polymers for polymer solar cells

    V. Tamilavan, J. Lee, D. Y. Lee, R. Agneeswari, Y. K. Jung, Y. Jin, J. H. Jeong, M. H. Hyun and S. H. Park, New J. Chem., 2018, 42, 12045
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01715H

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