A tumor treatment strategy based on biodegradable BSA@ZIF-8 for simultaneously ablating tumors and inhibiting infection†
Studies have shown a clear correlation between cancer incidence and infection, and cancer treatment can also trigger infection so as to lead to an inflammatory response. In this case, we have designed a new tumor treatment strategy based on biodegradable BSA@ZIF-8 for simultaneously ablating tumors and inhibiting infection. This biodegradable ZIF contains abundant porous structures, showing increased absorption of ions and inelastic collisions. A large amount of frictional heat produced by the collisions results in increased tumor cell death under microwave irradiation. This can effectively inhibit tumor growth in mice by microwave ablation with a good anti-tumor effect (95.4%). Intriguingly, the Zn2+ released from the degradation of BSA@ZIF-8 causes damage to bacterial cell walls, and destruction of the metabolism and structure of the membrane, leading to bacterial cell death, and ultimately achieving good antibacterial properties. Moreover, BSA@ZIF-8 is biodegradable without long-term toxicity in vivo. The in vivo experimental results show that BSA@ZIF-8 can protect 80% of the mice from lethal challenge with tumors and the accompanying infection. Overall, we present a novel strategy using biodegradable ZIFs for microwave ablation therapy with simultaneous antibacterial and anti-infection effects for the first time, which has achieved good tumor treatment outcomes.
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