2D transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets for photo/thermo-based tumor imaging and therapy
Two-dimensional (2D) graphene-like nanomaterials show wide applications in the fields of nanodevices, sensors, energy materials, catalysis, drug delivery, bioimaging, and tissue engineering. Recently, many studies have been focused on the synthesis and application of 2D transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets for various biomedical applications. In particular, 2D TMD nanosheets exhibit great advantages for tumor imaging and therapy compared to some traditional nanomaterials due to their high specific surface area, good biocompatibility, easy modification, and ultrahigh light and heat conversion efficiency. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in the synthesis, modification, and photo/thermo-based tumor imaging and therapy of 2D TMD nanosheets. The important studies on tumor bioimaging with TMD nanosheets, such as X-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and photoacoustic imaging, are demonstrated and discussed. In another section, the physical photothermal and photodynamic therapies as well as the pharmacological therapy of tumors with TMD nanosheet-based nanohybrids are introduced. It is expected that this work will be valuable for readers to understand the synthesis and modification of TMD nanosheets to design novel 2D functional nanomaterials for photo/thermo-based tumor imaging and therapy in one aspect, and in another aspect will extend the applications of TMD-based nanomaterials in materials science, analytical science, electrocatalysis, tissue engineering, and others.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles