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Issue 1, 2018
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Narrow-spectrum antibacterial agents

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While broad spectrum antibiotics play an invaluable role in the treatment of bacterial infections, there are some drawbacks to their use, namely selection for and spread of resistance across multiple bacterial species, and the detrimental effect they can have upon the host microbiome. If the causative agent of the infection is known, the use of narrow-spectrum antibacterial agents has the potential to mitigate some of these issues. This review outlines the advantages and challenges of narrow-spectrum antibacterial agents, discusses the progress that has been made toward developing diagnostics to enable their use, and describes some of the narrow-spectrum antibacterial agents currently being investigated against some of the most clinically important bacteria including Clostridium difficile, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and several ESKAPE pathogens.

Graphical abstract: Narrow-spectrum antibacterial agents

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Article information

17 Oct 2017
02 Nov 2017
First published
06 Nov 2017

Med. Chem. Commun., 2018,9, 12-21
Article type
Review Article

Narrow-spectrum antibacterial agents

R. J. Melander, D. V. Zurawski and C. Melander, Med. Chem. Commun., 2018, 9, 12
DOI: 10.1039/C7MD00528H

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