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A novel vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-phase microextraction procedure for preconcentration of europium, gadolinium, lanthanum, neodymium, and ytterbium from water combined with ICP techniques

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Abstract

A novel, simple, and rapid extraction method based on vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-phase microextraction (VA-DLPME) for the preconcentration of La, Eu, Nd, Gd and Yb in water samples combined with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) detection is described. Butan-1-ol and 1-(2-pyridilazo)2-naphthol (PAN) were used as the extractant solvent and complexing agent, respectively. The main experimental parameters affecting the complexation and extraction of the analytes, including pH, PAN concentration, salt addition, and extractant solvent volume, were optimized. Under optimum microextraction conditions, detection limits obtained by ICP OES and ICP-MS detection were 0.3–1.1 μg L−1 and 3.0–4.0 ng L−1, respectively. The developed method was applied to water samples and a certified reference material (CRM) from the National Research Council (Coastal seawater – CASS-4). Recovery values of the rare earth elements for spiked water samples (tap water, groundwater and seawater) were 90–104% for ICP OES and 83–92% for ICP-MS. The proposed VA-DLPME procedure permits the addition of the complexing agent and extractant solvent simultaneously into the sample, avoiding the use of a centrifugation step and the use of potentially toxic solvents such as methanol and chloroform.

Graphical abstract: A novel vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-phase microextraction procedure for preconcentration of europium, gadolinium, lanthanum, neodymium, and ytterbium from water combined with ICP techniques

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jul 2018, accepted on 14 Sep 2018 and first published on 15 Sep 2018


Article type: Technical Note
DOI: 10.1039/C8JA00252E
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2018, Advance Article
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    A novel vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-phase microextraction procedure for preconcentration of europium, gadolinium, lanthanum, neodymium, and ytterbium from water combined with ICP techniques

    F. O. Leme, L. C. Lima, R. Papai, N. Akiba, B. L. Batista and I. Gaubeur, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8JA00252E

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