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State-of-the-Art on the Production and Application of Carbon Nanomaterials from Biomass

Abstract

Biomass is a type of low-cost, readily available, widely distributed, environmentally friendly and renewable carbon sources. How to realize its reasonable disposal is plaguing us especially as it acts as a by-product/bio-waste of agriculture, industry and forestry. Carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), especially for carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs), graphene, conventionally prepared from fossil fuel are the most demanding carbon materials at present due to the outstanding characteristics and extensive applications. The purpose of this review is to overview the progress on the technologies for CNMs preparation from biomass in the latest few decades. The production of these high value-added CNMs from biomass is intensively investigated, together with the biomass serving as catalyst and catalyst support during the preparation of CNMs. Finally, the advances in the application of biomass-based CNMs in terms of ecological remediation, photocatalysis, electrode materials for supercapacitor and battery, chemical catalysis and composites are briefly summarized for developing the potential market of biomass-based CNMs.

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jun 2018, accepted on 28 Sep 2018 and first published on 09 Oct 2018


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C8GC01748D
Citation: Green Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    State-of-the-Art on the Production and Application of Carbon Nanomaterials from Biomass

    Z. Wang, D. Shen, C. Wu and S. Gu, Green Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8GC01748D

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